Relationship Terms

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Relationship Terms

By Terry Louis Linton © 1984

First Published

Linton & Bird Chronicles Volume I, Issue 1, © 1984) (ISSN 1941-3521)

Linton Research Fund Inc., Publication © 2008

All Rights Reserved

Linton & Bird Chronicles Volume III, Issue 1, Spring © 2008 ISSN 1941-3521

When working on my family history and genealogy, it's good to know how to describe your family relationships more exactly. The definitions below should help you out.

Cousin: Your first cousins are the people in your family who have two of the same grandparents as you. In other words, they are the children of your aunts and uncles.

Second Cousin: Your second cousins are the people in your family who have the same great-grandparents as you, but not the same grandparents.

Third, Fourth, and Fifth Cousins: Your third cousins have the same great-great-grandparents, fourth cousins have the same great-great-great-grandparents, and so on.

Removed: When the word "removed" is used to describe a relationship, it indicates that the two people are from different generations. You and your first cousins are in the same generation (two generations younger than your grandparents), so the word "removed" is not used to describe your relationship.

The words "once removed" mean that there is a difference of one generation. For example, your mother's first cousin is your first cousin, once removed. This is because your mother's first cousin is one generation younger than your grandparents and you are two generations younger than your grandparents. This one-generation difference equals "once removed."

Twice removed means that there is a two-generation difference. You are two generations younger than a first cousin of your grandmother, so you and your grandmother's first cousin are first cousins, twice removed.

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Linton Chronicles a publication of the Linton Research Fund Inc.

Bird Chronicles a publication of the Linton Research Fund Inc.